What is a Beneficiary?
A beneficiary is quite simply someone (or some thing) that benefits. Usually used in connection with a Last Will and Testament, it means someone (or perhaps a charity) who is left something in the Will.
So if Uncle George dies and leaves you his stamp collection, then you are a Beneficiary of his Will. Or if you write a Will and specify that your brothers should inherit equal shares of your starwars action figure collection, then your brothers are beneficiaries of your Will.